Diabetes is a life-long disease that affects the way your body handles glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood. Most people with the condition have type 2. There are about 27 million people in the U.S. with it. Another 86 million have prediabetes: Their blood glucose is not normal, but not high enough to be diabetes yet.
Risk Factors and Prevention
While certain things make getting diabetes more likely, they won't give you the disease. But the more that apply to you, the higher your chances of getting it are.
Some things you can't control.
- Age: 45 or older
- Family: A parent, sister, or brother with diabetes
- Ethnicity: African-American, Alaska Native, Native American, Asian-American, Hispanic or Latino, or Pacific Islander-American Some things are related to your health and medical history. Your doctor may be able to help.
- Heart and blood vessel disease
- High blood pressure, even if it's treated and under control
- Low HDL ("good") cholesterol
- High triglycerides
- Being overweight or obese
- Having a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds
- Having gestational diabetes while you were pregnant
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Acanthosis nigricans, a skin condition with dark rashes around your neck or armpits
- Getting little or no exercise
- Sleeping too little or too much
Other risk factors have to do with your daily habits and lifestyle. These are the ones you can really do something about.
Because you can't change what happened in the past, focus on what you can do now and going forward. Take medications and follow your doctor's suggestions to be healthy. Simple changes at home can make a big difference, too.
Lose weight. Dropping just 7% to 10% of your weight can cut your risk of type 2 diabetes in half.
Get active. Moving muscles use insulin. Thirty minutes of brisk walkinga day will cut your risk by almost a third.
Eat right. Avoid highly processed carbs, sugary drinks, and trans andsaturated fats. Limit red and processed meats.
Quit smoking. Work with your doctor to avoid gaining weight, so you don't create one problem by solving another.
At La Rx, we can help you manage your diabetes effectively by providing products and services at your convenience
- Education: From diabetic supplies to your daily medications, we can help you manage the proper ways of testing your blood sugar, keeping a log of your blood sugar levels, making sure you drink your medications on time, and putting a plan to reach your diabetes management goals
- Medication Therapy Reviews: We can sit down with you to conduct a comprehensive medication review of all your prescription medications, any herbals or over-the-counter medication you may take. The purpose is to identify any drug interactions and prevent any unwanted side effects when combining 2 or more drugs.
- Information: We are here to answer any questions you may have about your medications. What time of the day should I take my medication? Should I eat or drink with this medication? How often do I need to test my blood sugar?